Throughout this website the following terms will be used which are representative of the terms used by volunteers and staff in most sport and active recreation programs.

Camping is recognized as a valuable way in which participants can experience new and natural environments in a small group, enabling the development of social and physical skills. Camping is an experience providing for creative, sporting, active recreational and educational opportunities for a group living in the outdoors. Trained leadership with resources from the natural environment contributes to each participant’s mental, physical, and social growth.

Sport and recreation programs based in a club or facility provide a range of unique opportunities to develop new physical, social and intellectual skills and abilities. The involvement of people with disabilities in sport and recreation programs based in mainstream sport and recreation clubs and facilities enables them to participate in sports, games, physical activities, water based activities, and active recreation activities, and provides for increased self-confidence, increased levels of fitness and opportunities to extend social skills. Places like leisure centers, local sporting clubs and recreation organizations in the local community are all examples of club or facility based programs.

Sport and recreation is as much a part of Australian culture as Vegemite and the koala. Participants are involved in sport and recreation from a very early age, playing backyard games, school sport and programs with local sporting/recreation clubs or organizations. The benefits of regular sport and recreation programs are essentially the same for people with a disability.

For the purpose of this manual and to avoid confusion, the terms "inclusion" and "integration" are considered to be the same, and for the sake of consistency, inclusion has been used exclusively. We have the responsibility of providing an environment in which people with disabilities. are able to develop social skills, feel part of the group as equal participants, be included in decision making, be challenged and be adventurous.

Through participation in sport and active recreational activities, people with a disability can be assisted in the development of a sense of self-worth, self-esteem and pride in accomplishment and overcome loneliness and isolation. They are able to develop a sense of belonging to the community and are linked to a range of cultural and social experiences common to all members of the community.

Many men and women enrich their lives and the lives of young people with disabilities, through participating in and facilitating sport and active recreation experiences. People of all ages, from all walks of life volunteer their time or choose to work as program leaders and personal assistants to enable people with disabilities to fully participate in enriching sport and active recreation experiences.